"The risk, from the motorists' point of view, is that they could be given a higher fine."
Wonder if you would care to explain that one Mike?
Fixed penalty notices (on street) and excess charge notices (car parks) are not fines, you wont find the word "fine" on either, they are offers, and because we all have silent adhesion contracts with SOJinc.(drivers licence, registered vehicles etc.) they are offers the firms lawyers say you can't refuse-
strict liability statutes.
Of course, the very nature of silent adhesion contracts (unrevealed contracts) is unlawful,
Please click on THIS GREEN LINK to see our previous posting.